Appeal from the Iowa District Court for Polk County, Rachael E. Seymour, District Associate Judge.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Mahan, S.J.
A father appeals from the order terminating his parental rights. AFFIRMED.
Considered by Mullins, P.J., Bower, J., and Mahan, S.J.* *Senior judge assigned by order pursuant to Iowa Code section 602.9206 (2011).
I. Background Facts & Proceedings.
Chris is the father of three children, a daughter born in 2003 and twin sons born in 2004.*fn1 The father has a long history of substance abuse. In February 2010, a search warrant was executed at his home resulting in his arrest for possession of marijuana and child endangerment.*fn2 The children were removed from his care and placed with the paternal grandparents.
The children were adjudicated to be in need of assistance pursuant to Iowa Code sections 232.2(6)(c)(2) and (n) (2009). The father participated in services and completed substance abuse treatment. He obtained a full-time job and maintained an apartment. He regularly participated in visitation with the children.
The children were returned to the father's care August 1, 2011. The children were removed again October 24, 2011, when the father admitted using alcohol and synthetic marijuana. Due to health issues with the paternal grandparents, the children were placed in foster care. The father had two drug tests, in January and February 2012, that were positive for synthetic marijuana.
On February 22, 2012, the State filed a petition seeking termination of the father's parental rights. At the termination hearing, when asked if the children could be returned to his care at that time he replied, "Today? I still think it would take a little bit. I mean, I have a long ways to go." The juvenile court terminated the father's parental rights pursuant to sections 232.116(1)(d) and (f) (2011). The court determined termination was in the children's best interests, finding "[t]he parents have shown a clear inability to make necessary changes to have the children be placed and maintained in their care." The father appeals the termination of his parental rights.
The scope of review in termination cases is de novo. In re D.W., 791 N.W.2d 703, 706 (Iowa 2010). Clear and convincing evidence is needed to establish the grounds for termination. In re J.E., 723 N.W.2d 793, 798 (Iowa 2006). Where there is clear and convincing evidence, there is no serious or substantial doubt about the correctness of the conclusion drawn from the evidence. In re D.D., 653 N.W.2d 359, 361 (Iowa 2002). "The paramount concern in termination proceedings is the best interest of the child." In re D.S., 806 N.W.2d 458, 465 (Iowa Ct. App. 2011).
III. Sufficiency of the Evidence.
The father claims there is insufficient evidence in the record to support termination of his parental rights. He claims the reasons for the removal of the children no longer exist, and they could be returned to his care. He points out he participated in services, maintained employment, and had stable housing. He claims there is no evidence the children were adversely affected by his use of alcohol or synthetic marijuana.
When the juvenile court terminates parental rights on more than one ground, we may affirm on any ground cited by the juvenile court. See In re S.R., 600 N.W.2d 63, 64 (Iowa Ct. App. 1999). We conclude the father's parental rights were properly terminated under section 232.116(1)(f). The record shows the children were more than four years of age, they had been adjudicated to be in need of assistance, and they had been removed from the father's physical care for at least twelve of the last eighteen months. See Iowa Code § 232.116(1)(f)(1)-(3). In addition, there was clear and convincing evidence that at the time of the termination hearing the children could not be ...