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In the Interest of W.C.

April 24, 2013

IN THE INTEREST OF W.C., A.C., J.M., G.M., AND M.M., MINOR CHILDREN, J.M., FATHER, APPELLANT.


Appeal from the Iowa District Court for Linn County, Barbara H. Liesveld, District Associate Judge.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Danilson, J.

James, father of W.C., A.C., J.M., G.M., and M.M. seeks a reversal of the juvenile court order that denied his requests for modification. AFFIRMED.

Considered by Eisenhauer, C.J., and Danilson and Bower, JJ.

James, father of W.C., A.C., J.M., G.M., and M.M. seeks a reversal of the juvenile court order that denied his requests for modification. Finding no error, we affirm.

I. Background Facts and Proceedings.

James and Tammy married in March 2007. They parent five children from

blended families. Seven-year-old A.C. accused her step-father James of sexual abuse in February 2011. The parties stipulated to adjudicating the children in need of assistance (CINAs) on the ground of parental unwillingness to provide treatment for a child's emotional damage, pursuant to Iowa Code section 232.2(6)(f) (2011), on August 9, 2011.

The Department of Human Services (DHS) found that James committed second degree sexual abuse. James denied the allegations and appealed the determination. DHS later agreed to amend the assessment to find the perpetrator was "unknown" and removed James from the sex abuse registry. However, a DHS caseworker testified that by listing "perpetrator unknown" on the assessment they did not rule out James. The department remained concerned because A.C. identified him as the perpetrator.

The juvenile court left the children in Tammy's custody under DHS protective supervision and prohibited James from living in the home and having any contact with A.C. until her therapist and the guardian ad litem found it appropriate. The court later authorized contact between James and A.C. under the supervision of her therapist. While initially the two visits seemed positive, after re-exposure to James, A.C. "completely shut down."*fn1 As a result, the therapist testified at the June 18, 2012 hearing on James' motion to modify that she did not believe it was in A.C.'s best interest to see James or for him to return to the family home. Moreover, the therapist expressed concerns that Tammy was pressuring A.C. to say that she wants James to return home.

After an August 17, 2012 hearing on James' motion to modify, the court ordered him to obtain a psycho-sexual evaluation, finding it had insufficient information to determine whether it was in A.C.'s best interest to allow James to be in the home. James objected to the requirement and made several additional requests.*fn2 In an enlarged order, the court again denied James' motion, noting the finding of the department "is not the same as a finding that [James] was not the perpetrator of any sexual abuse as to [A.C.], only that by agreement on appeal that the perpetrator in this instance is listed as unknown." In response to James' demands for the court's authority, it noted:

A child's health and safety shall be the paramount concern in making a determination about whether to return custody to a parent. At any dispositional review hearing the court shall review the sufficiency of the services being provided and determine whether additional or more intensive services are needed to facilitate the safe return of a child to parental care. In the instant case custody of the children is with the mother but not with the father. The parents are married. They wish to remain as a family unit with the goal being family reunification. In order to achieve this goal services are required wherein it would be possible to return custody of the children to the father. If the court determines services are needed, the court shall order said services to be provided as well as order the actions to be taken by the parent to correct the identified problems. The Court therefore exercising its inherent power to ensure the health and safety of the children herein and that appropriate services are provided to the family pursuant to Iowa Code Chapter 232 and further that it is in the best interests of the children to order additional services to accomplish the goals of the case ordered James complete a psycho-sexual evaluation and for [A.C.] to obtain a mental health evaluation.

On appeal, James argues the juvenile court order failed to satisfy the requirements of due process by announcing the authority under which it orders him to submit to a psycho-sexual evaluation. He further argues that the court should be bound by the conclusion of the amended DHS assessment, and thus the court would lack sufficient evidence that he poses a risk of sexual abuse. Alternatively, he argues DHS should be precluded from making requirements of him on the basis that he poses risk of sexual abuse because they agreed to remove him as the listed perpetrator. Finally, he asserts denial of modification and other requests was improper because he was compliant with the case plan and had positive visits.

II. Discussion.

We review evidence in CINA proceedings de novo. Iowa ...


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