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State of Iowa v. Daniel Dee Lewis

May 15, 2013

STATE OF IOWA, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE,
v.
DANIEL DEE LEWIS, DEFENDANT-APPELLANT.



Appeal from the Iowa District Court for Muscatine County, Bobbi M. Alpers (guilty plea) and Gary D. McKenrick (sentencing), Judges.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Doyle, P.J.

Challenging the imposition of a sentencing enhancement pursuant to Iowa Code section 124.411 (2011), Daniel Lewis appeals from his sentence for manufacturing methamphetamine. AFFIRMED.

Considered by Doyle, P.J., and Danilson and Mullins, JJ.

Daniel Lewis was charged with a multiplicity of offenses including manufacturing methamphetamine, theft, criminal mischief, and traffic violations. In a complex plea agreement with the State, Lewis pled guilty to some of the offenses, including manufacturing methamphetamine in violation of Iowa Code section 124.401(1)(c)(6) (2011), a class "C" felony. The charge of manufacturing methamphetamine pled to by Lewis was a "second or subsequent offense" pursuant to section 124.411 and further enhanced by habitual offender status pursuant to section 908.2 as provided in the second amended trial information. In exchange, the State dismissed the remaining charges. Thereafter, the district court sentenced Lewis to twenty-four years in prison on the manufacturing methamphetamine conviction, applying a sentencing enhancement pursuant to section 124.411, which provides:

1. Any person convicted of a second or subsequent offense under this chapter, may be punished by imprisonment for a period not to exceed three times the term otherwise authorized . . . .

2. For purposes of this section, an offense is considered a second or subsequent offense, if, prior to the person's having been convicted of the offense, the offender has ever been convicted under this chapter or under any state or federal statute relating to narcotic drugs or cocaine, marijuana, depressant, stimulant, or hallucinogenic drugs.

At issue here is imposition of the sentencing enhancement. Lewis asserts his sentence was illegal because there was insufficient proof he had a prior drug conviction to trigger the section 124.411 enhancement. We review his claim for correction of errors at law. Tindell v. State, 629 N.W.2d 357, 359 (Iowa 2001). "Illegal sentences may be challenged at any time, notwithstanding that the illegality was not raised in the trial court or on appeal." State v. Lathrop, 781 N.W.2d 288, 293 (Iowa 2010).

During the plea colloquy, the court stated:

[I]t's my understanding you're willing to plead guilty to manufacture of methamphetamine, you are going to be acknowledging that you have previous felony-level convictions with drugs, and you understand that the recommendation of the State would be that you get a sentence of [twenty-four] years and that you would then have to do a mandatory minimum of eight years before being eligible for parole. That's my attempt at plain English on this. Is that what you think is going on today?

Lewis responded, "Yes." During the colloquy Lewis agreed he had previously been twice convicted of a felony, once in 1985 in Scott County, and once in 1995 in Muscatine County. Later in the colloquy, the court clarified its inquiry:

THE COURT: I need to know from you, Mr. Lewis, if you had a prior conviction of a controlled substance when you were involved in the activity that is the basis of [the current methamphetamine charge]. . . . Had you previously been convicted of a second or more offense?

[LEWIS]: I had a felony meth charge in 1985, a methamphetamine charge.*fn1

THE COURT: So you had a felony on the meth; is ...


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