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United States of America v. Delvonn Battle

May 16, 2013

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, PLAINTIFF,
v.
DELVONN BATTLE, DEFENDANT.



ORDER

TABLE OF CONTENTS

I. INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

II. RELEVANT PROCEDURAL HISTORY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

III. ANALYSIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

A. Government's Motion for Pretrial Ruling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

1. Direct evidence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

2. Rule 404(b) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

3. Rule 403 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

4. Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

B. Defendant's Motion in Limine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

IV. CONCLUSION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

I. INTRODUCTION

The matters before the court are the government's "Motion for Rule 104 Ruling Regarding Evidence of Prior Shooting" ("Motion for Pretrial Ruling") (docket no. 26) and Defendant Delvonn Battle's "Motion in Limine" (docket no. 27) (collectively, "Motions").

II. RELEVANT PROCEDURAL HISTORY

On February 26, 2013, the government filed a one-count Indictment (docket no. 2) against Defendant. The Indictment charges that, on or about January 13, 2012, Defendant knowingly possessed a firearm after having been convicted of a crime punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year. Such offense is a violation of 18 U.S.C. §§ 922(g)(1) and 924(a)(2).

On April 30, 2013, the government filed the Motion for Pretrial Ruling. On May 6, 2013, Defendant filed the Motion in Limine. On May 8, 2013, Defendant filed a Resistance (docket no. 28) to the government's Motion for Pretrial Ruling. On that same date, the government filed a Resistance (docket no. 29) to Defendant's Motion in Limine. Also on May 8, 2013, the court held a final pretrial conference ("FPTC"), during which time it heard oral arguments on the Motion for Pretrial Ruling and the Motion in Limine. See May 8, 2013 Minute Entry (docket no. 31). The court finds that the Motions are fully submitted and ready for decision.

III. ANALYSIS

A. Government's Motion for Pretrial Ruling

The instant case arises out of a January 13, 2012 traffic stop in Waterloo, Iowa. The government alleges that there were three individuals in the vehicle, including Defendant. The government further alleges that, during a subsequent search of the vehicle, law enforcement ...


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