May 30, 2013
STATE OF IOWA, Plaintiff-Appellee,
JOSHUA MICHAEL STROTHER, Defendant-Appellant.
Appeal from the Iowa District Court for Scott County, Marlita A. Greve, Judge.
Joshua Strother seeks to set aside his guilty pleas.
Steven J. Drahozal of Drahozal Law Office, P.C., Dubuque, for appellant.
Thomas J. Miller, Attorney General, Jean C. Pettinger, Assistant Attorney General, Michael J. Walton, County Attorney, and Amy Devine, Assistant County Attorney, for appellee.
Considered by Doyle, P.J., and Danilson and Mullins, JJ.
Joshua Strother pled guilty to possession of a controlled substance with intent to deliver (marijuana) and possession of a controlled substance (Lorazapam). He seeks to set aside his guilty pleas, contending trial counsel should have filed a motion to suppress the warrantless search of his vehicle.
Strother did not file a motion in arrest of judgment and, consequently, his claim must be raised as one of ineffective assistance of counsel. See State v. Straw, 709 N.W.2d 128, 132 (Iowa 2006) (concluding the defendant's failure to file a motion in arrest of judgment bars direct appeal of his conviction).
To establish a claim of ineffective assistance of counsel, Strother must demonstrate his trial counsel's performance was constitutionally deficient, and prejudice resulted. See id. at 133. If the record is adequate to address the claim, we may do so on direct appeal; otherwise, the defendant may raise the claim in a postconviction action. State v. Fountain, 786 N.W.2d 260, 263 (Iowa 2010).
Here, Strother contends his trial counsel should have filed a motion to suppress because the search of his vehicle was premised upon his status as a probationer. However, the record also suggests the search was premised upon Strother's consent. In light of this uncertainty, we find the record inadequate, and we preserve Strother's ineffectiveness claim for possible postconviction relief proceedings.