United States District Court, N.D. Iowa, Eastern Division
LINDA R. READE, Chief District Judge.
The matter before the court is Defendants Wheaton Franciscan Services Long Term Disability Plan ("Wheaton Plan") and Life Insurance Company of North America's ("LINA") (collectively, "Defendants") "Motion to Dismiss Count Two of the Complaint" ("Motion") (docket no. 11), pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6).
II. PROCEDURAL HISTORY
On January 10, 2014, Plaintiff Tamara Jensen filed a two-count Complaint (docket no. 2). In Count One of the Complaint, Jensen claims that she is entitled to long term benefits under the Wheaton Plan pursuant to Employee Retirement Income Security Act ("ERISA") section 502(a)(1)(B), codified at 29 U.S.C. § 1132(a)(1)(B), and ERISA section 502(a)(3), codified at 29 U.S.C. § 1132(a)(3). In Count Two of the Complaint, Jensen claims that LINA breached its fiduciary duty with respect to the Wheaton Plan and that she is entitled to equitable remedies pursuant to § 1132(a)(3). On March 10, 2014, Defendants filed the Motion. On March 19, 2014, Jensen filed a Resistance (docket no. 13). On March 26, 2014, Defendants filed a Reply (docket no. 14). Defendants request oral argument but the court finds that oral argument is unnecessary. The Motion is fully submitted and ready for decision.
III. SUBJECT MATTER JURISDICTION
The court has federal question jurisdiction over Jensen's claims in Counts One and Two of the Complaint. See 29 U.S.C. § 1132(e)(1) ("[T]he district courts of the United States shall have exclusive jurisdiction of civil actions under this subchapter brought by... a participant...."). The court also has federal question jurisdiction over both claims because they arise under federal law. See 28 U.S.C. § 1331 ("The district courts shall have original jurisdiction of all civil actions arising under the Constitution, laws, or treaties of the United States.").
IV. STANDARD OF REVIEW
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6) provides for dismissal of a claim for relief on the basis of "failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted." Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(b)(6). To survive a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss, "a complaint must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.'" Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (quoting Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007)); accord B & B Hardware, Inc. v. Hargis Indus., Inc., 569 F.3d 383, 387 (8th Cir. 2009). A claim satisfies the plausibility standard "when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged." Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678 (citing Bell Atl., 550 U.S. at 556). "The plausibility standard is not akin to a probability requirement, ' but it asks for more than a sheer possibility that a defendant has acted unlawfully." Id. (quoting Bell Atl., 550 U.S. at 556).
Although a plaintiff need not provide "detailed" facts in support of his or her allegations, the "short and plain statement" requirement of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8(a)(2) "demands more than an unadorned, the-defendant-unlawfully-harmed-me accusation." Id. (quoting Bell Atl., 550 U.S. at 555) (internal quotation marks omitted); see also Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 93 (2007) ("Specific facts are not necessary [under Rule 8(a)(2)]."). "A pleading that offers labels and conclusions' or a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action will not do.'" Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678 (quoting Bell Atl., 550 U.S. at 555). "Where the allegations show on the face of the complaint [that] there is some insuperable bar to relief, dismissal under Rule 12(b)(6) is appropriate." Benton v. Merrill Lynch & Co., 524 F.3d 866, 870 (8th Cir. 2008) (citing Parnes v. Gateway 2000, Inc., 122 F.3d 539, 546 (8th Cir. 1997)). For example, "Rule 12(b)(6) authorizes a court to dismiss a claim on the basis of a dispositive issue of law." Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 326 (1989).
V. FACTUAL BACKGROUND
The facts, as set forth in the Complaint, are as follows:
Plaintiff Jensen is a citizen of the State of Iowa who resided in Black Hawk County during all times relevant to this matter. At sometime before or during 2011, Jensen became an employee at Wheaton Franciscan Services, Inc. ("Wheaton") as a Certified Respiratory Therapist and thereby a participant in the Wheaton Plan-Wheaton's "employee welfare benefit plan" as defined by 29 U.S.C. § 1002(7).
Defendant LINA is a subsidiary of CIGNA Corporation that sells and administers insurance products throughout the United States. LINA is the underwriter of the Wheaton Plan, performs administrative reviews of claims under the Wheaton Plan, including Jensen's claim, and is the plan administrator or fiduciary of the Wheaton Plan.
B. Overview of the Dispute
1. Onset of gastroparesis
In late 2011, Jensen began experiencing severe gastrointestinal symptoms and took leave from work on December 16, 2011. In January 2012, Jensen was diagnosed with gastroparesis, a gastrointestinal condition that causes chronic nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. Jensen was hospitalized multiple times in late 2011 and early 2012 for gastroparesis symptoms.
2. The Wheaton Plan
Jensen attempted to return to her job at Wheaton as a Certified Respiratory Therapist, but she was unable to do so because of her gastroparesis symptoms and her need to manage her condition. Jensen then applied for long term disability coverage through the Wheaton Plan, which grants benefits to an individual if he ...