United States District Court, Northern District of Iowa, Western Division
ORDER ACCEPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION CONCERNING GUILTY PLEA
DONALD E. O' BRIEN, SENIOR JUDGE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF IOWA
I. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
Before the Court is Magistrate Judge Leonard T. Strand’s Report and Recommendation Concerning Guilty Plea (Docket No. 11).
On October 22, 2014, a one count Information (Docket No. 1) was filed in the above-referenced case. On November 5, 2014, Defendant Angel Villegas-Gomez entered a guilty plea to Count 1 of the Information before United States Magistrate Judge Leonard T. Strand.
Count 1 of the Information charges that on or about September 17, 2014, in the Northern District of Iowa, defendant Angel Villegas-Gomez, an alien citizen of Mexico, was found knowingly and unlawfully in the United States after having been previously removed from the United States to Mexico on or about April 13, 2009. Defendant did not obtain the express consent of the Attorney General of the United States or his successor, the Secretary for Homeland Security (Title 6, United States Code, Section 202(3) and (4) and Section 557), to reapply for admission into the United States prior to reentering the United States after April 13, 2009, on an unknown date at an unknown location.
Defendant’s removal was subsequent to a conviction for an aggravated felony offense, to wit:
On or about May 4, 2005, Angel Villegas-Gomez was convicted of possession of forged documents in the Superior Court of California, County of San Berna[r]dino.
This was in violation of Title 8, United States Code, Sections 1326(a) and (b)(2).
The Report and Recommendation (Docket No. 11), states that there is no plea agreement and recommends that defendant Angel Villegas-Gomez’s guilty plea be accepted. Waivers of objections to Judge Strand’s Report and Recommendation were filed by each party (Docket Nos. 12 and 13). The Court, therefore, undertakes the necessary review to accept defendant Angel Villegas-Gomez’s plea in this case.
A. Standard of Review
Pursuant to statue, this Court’s standard of review for a magistrate judge’s Report and Recommendation is as follows:
A judge of the court shall make a de novo determination of those portions of the report or specified proposed findings or recommendations to which objection is made. A judge of the court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the findings or recommendations made by the magistrate [judge].
28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). Similarly, Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 72(b) provides for review of a magistrate judge’s Report and Recommendation on dispositive motions and prisoner ...