United States District Court, N.D. Iowa, Western Division
ORDER ACCEPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION CONCERNING GUILTY PLEA
DONALD E. O'BRIEN, Senior District Judge.
I. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
Before the Court is Magistrate Judge Leonard T. Strand's Report and Recommendation Concerning Guilty Plea (Docket No. 13).
On March 18, 2015, a one count Indictment (Docket No. 1) was filed in the above-referenced case. On April 8, 2015, Defendant Juan Moises Lopez Galvan entered a guilty plea to Count 1 of the Indictment before United States Magistrate Judge Leonard T. Strand.
Count 1 of the Indictment charges that on or about March 9, 2015, in the Northern District of Iowa, defendant Juan Moises Lopez Galvan, an alien citizen of Mexico, was found knowingly and unlawfully in the United States after having been previously removed from the United States to Mexico on or about January 18, 2001. Defendant did not obtain the express consent of the Attorney General of the United States or his successor, the Secretary for Homeland Security (Title 6, United States Code, Section 202(3) and (4) and Section 557), to reapply for admission into the United States prior to reentering the United States after January 18, 2001, on an unknown date at an unknown location.
This was in violation of Title 8, United States Code, Sections 1326(a).
The Report and Recommendation (Docket No. 13), states that there is no plea agreement and recommends that defendant Juan Moises Lopez-Galvan's guilty plea be accepted. Waivers of objections to Judge Strand's Report and Recommendation were filed by each party (Docket Nos. 14 and 15). The Court, therefore, undertakes the necessary review to accept defendant Juan Moises Lopez Galvan's plea in this case.
A. Standard of Review
Pursuant to statue, this Court's standard of review for a magistrate judge's Report and Recommendation is as follows:
A judge of the court shall make a de novo determination of those portions of the report or specified proposed findings or recommendations to which objection is made. A judge of the court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the findings or recommendations made by the magistrate [judge].
28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). Similarly, Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 72(b) provides for review of a magistrate judge's Report and Recommendation on dispositive motions and prisoner petitions, where objections are made as follows:
The district judge to whom the case is assigned shall make a de novo determination upon the record, or after additional evidence, of any portion of the magistrate judge's disposition to which specific written objection has been made in accordance with this rule. The district judge may accept, reject, or modify the recommendation decision, ...