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United States v. LeGrand

United States District Court, N.D. Iowa, Cedar Rapids Division

March 3, 2017

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff,
v.
GERALD ROBERT LEGRAND, Defendant.

          REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION CONCERNING PLEA OF GUILTY

          C.J. WILLIAMS, CHIEF UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE

         On March 2, 2017, the above-named defendant, GERALD ROBERT LEGRAND, by consent (Doc. 4), appeared before the undersigned United States Magistrate Judge pursuant to Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 11, and entered a plea of guilty to Count One of the Information (Doc. 2), after signing a waiver of Indictment (Doc. 3). After cautioning and examining the defendant under oath concerning the subject mentioned in Rule 11, the court determined that the guilty plea was knowledgeable and voluntary, and the offense charged was supported by an independent basis in fact containing the essential elements of the offense charged in Count One of the Information. The Court therefore RECOMMENDS that the plea of guilty be accepted and the defendant be adjudged guilty.

         At the commencement of the Rule 11 proceeding, the defendant was placed under oath and advised that if he answered any questions falsely, he could be prosecuted for perjury or for making a false statement. He also was advised that in any such prosecution, the Government could use against him any statements he made under oath.

         The court then asked a number of questions to ensure the defendant's mental capacity to enter a plea. The defendant stated his full name, his age, and the extent of his schooling. The court inquired into his history of mental illness and addiction to narcotic drugs. The court further inquired into whether the defendant was under the influence of any drug, medication, or alcoholic beverage at the time of the plea hearing. From this inquiry, the court determined that the defendant was not suffering from any mental disability that would impair his ability to make knowing, intelligent, and a voluntary plea of guilty to the charge.

         The defendant acknowledged that he had received a copy of the Information, and he had fully discussed these charge with his attorney.

         The court summarized the charge against the defendant, and listed the elements of the crime. The court determined that the defendant understood each and every element of the charge, ascertained that the defendant's counsel had explained each and every element of the charge fully to the defendant, and the defendant's counsel confirmed that the defendant understood each and every element of the charge.

         The court then elicited a full and complete factual basis for all elements of the crime charged in Count One of the Information.

         The court advised the defendant of the consequences of his plea, including, the maximum fine and the maximum term of imprisonment.

         With respect to Count One, the defendant was advised that the maximum fine is $250, 000; the maximum term of imprisonment is 10 years; and the maximum period of supervised release is 3 years.

         The defendant also was advised that the court was obligated to impose a special assessment of $100.00 which he must pay. He also was advised of the collateral consequences of a plea of guilty. The defendant acknowledged that he understood all of the above consequences. The court also advised the Defendant that pursuant to the plea agreement Defendant agreed to forfeit and abandon any and all claim to items seized by law enforcement from defendant at the time of any arrest or search.

         The court advised the defendant that he was pleading guilty under a plea agreement with the Government that provided for the imposition of a specific, agreed sentence at the time of the sentencing hearing. After confirming that a copy of the written plea agreement was in front of the defendant and his attorney, the court determined that the defendant understood the terms of the plea agreement. The court explained to the defendant that at the sentencing hearing, the district judge would consider whether or not to accept the plea agreement and impose the agreed sentence. If the district judge decided to accept the plea agreement and impose the agreed sentence, then the defendant would receive the agreed sentence. If the district judge decided to reject the plea agreement and impose a different sentence, then the defendant would have an opportunity to withdraw his plea of guilty and plead not guilty. The court further advised the defendant that pursuant to the terms of the plea agreement, which provided that he was pleading guilty pursuant to Rule 11(c)(1)(C), Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, he would be sentenced to a term of probation of 5 years. The court explained to the defendant that if the district judge rejected the plea agreement and the defendant did not withdraw his guilty plea, then the court could dispose of the case less favorably toward him than the plea agreement contemplated, including imposing a longer sentence than the one to which the parties had agreed in the plea agreement.

         The court then explained supervised release to the defendant, and advised the defendant that a term of supervised release would be imposed in addition to the sentence of imprisonment. The defendant was advised that among other conditions of supervised release, he could not commit another federal, state, or local crime while on supervised release, and he could not possess illegal controlled substances while on supervised release. The defendant was advised that if he were found to have violated a condition of supervised release, then his term of supervised release could be revoked and he could be required to serve in prison all or part of the term of supervised release without credit for time previously served on supervised release.

         The court also explained to the defendant that the district judge would determine the appropriate sentence for him at the sentencing hearing. The defendant confirmed that he understood the court would not determine the appropriate sentence until after the preparation of a presentence report, which the parties would have the opportunity to challenge. The defendant acknowledged that he understood the sentence imposed might be different from what his attorney had estimated. Defendant also acknowledges that his plea agreement contains an appeal waiver, and he agrees to waive his appeal rights as set out in that waiver. The defendant was advised that parole has been abolished.

         The defendant indicated he had conferred fully with and was fully satisfied with his attorney. The defendant's attorney indicated ...


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