from the Iowa District Court for Polk County, Jeffrey D.
defendant appeals his convictions for assault on a peace
officer with a dangerous weapon, as an habitual offender, and
Nicholas B. Dial of Dial Law Office, P.C., West Des Moines,
J. Miller, Attorney General, and Louis S. Sloven, Assistant
Attorney General, for appellee.
Considered by Potterfield, P.J., and Doyle and Tabor, JJ.
high-speed chase through Des Moines, William Taylor ran his
sports utility vehicle (SUV) head-on into a squad car driven
by a peace officer. A jury convicted Taylor of assault on a
peace officer with a dangerous weapon and eluding. He appeals
those convictions, contending (1) the State failed to offer
sufficient proof of his assaultive intent and (2) his trial
counsel was ineffective for not impeaching four peace
officer-witnesses with their prior testimony. Because the
State presented substantial evidence from which the jurors
could infer Taylor's specific intent to cause pain or
injury to the officer or to place the officer in fear of
immediate physical contact, which would have been painful,
injurious, insulting, or offensive, we affirm the assault
verdict. On the impeachment issue, the district court denied
Taylor's request for a new trial on this allegation of
ineffective assistance of counsel. We reach the same result
on appeal. Finally, we find no ground for reversal in
Taylor's pro se supplemental brief. Accordingly, we
affirm his convictions.
Facts and Prior Proceedings
patrol in the early morning hours of June 13, 2015, Des
Moines police noticed a Mercury Mountaineer SUV being driven
without proper license plates. When the officers signaled the
driver to stop, he instead accelerated-reaching speeds of 80
miles per hour on Interstate 235 and 60 miles per hour in
residential neighborhoods. About four miles into the pursuit,
the driver-later identified as Taylor-drove onto his own yard
and was surrounded by three squad cars. Three separate dash
cameras recorded the incident. The videos show Taylor making
a U-turn on the grass, and then revving his engine, before
ramming headlong into a squad car driven by Officer Trevor
officers seized Taylor, who told them he was running because
he had a warrant out for his arrest. The State charged Taylor
with assault on a peace officer with a dangerous weapon, in
violation of Iowa Code section 708.3A(2) (2015), as an
habitual offender, under section 902.8 and 902.9, and
eluding, in violation of section 321.279(2). A jury convicted
Taylor on both offenses, and he stipulated to his prior
felony convictions. The district court sentenced Taylor to a
total of fifteen years in prison with a mandatory minimum
term of three years. Taylor now appeals.
Scope and Standards of Review
review Taylor's challenge to the sufficiency of the
evidence for the correction of legal error. See State v.
Reed, 875 N.W.2d 693, 704 (Iowa 2016). If the jury's
verdict is supported by substantial evidence, we uphold it.
See State v. Rohm, 609 N.W.2d 504, 509 (Iowa 2000).
"Substantial" describes evidence from which a
reasonable fact finder could determine a defendant's
guilt beyond a reasonable doubt. Id. We review the
facts in the light most favorable to the verdict and consider
not only evidence bolstering the verdict, "but all
reasonable inferences which could be derived from the
evidence." See id.
review Taylor's claim of ineffective assistance of
counsel de novo because it is grounded in the Sixth
Amendment. See State v. Thorndike, 860 N.W.2d 316,
319 (Iowa 2015). Taylor bears the burden to show a breach of
duty by trial counsel and resulting prejudice. See
Strickland v. Washington, 466 U.S. 668, 687 (1984).
Failure to prove either prong is fatal to Taylor's claim.
See State v. Shanahan, 712 N.W.2d 121, 142 (Iowa