IN THE INTEREST OF Z.Y., G.Y., K.Y., and G.Y., Minor Children H.Y., Mother, Appellant G.Y., Father of G.Y., K.Y., and G.Y, Appellant S.Y, Father of Z.Y., Appellant.
from the Iowa District Court for Scott County, Nancy S.
appeal the termination of their parental rights. AFFIRMED ON
Patrick J. Kelly, Bettendorf, for appellant mother.
Michael A. Woods of Zamora, Taylor, Woods & Frederick,
Davenport, for appellant father G.Y.
Barbara E. Maness, Davenport, for appellant father S.Y.
J. Miller, Attorney General, and Ana Dixit, Assistant
Attorney General, for appellee State.
A. Kroeger, LeClaire, guardian ad litem for minor children.
Considered by Vaitheswaran, P.J., and Doyle and Bower, JJ.
Tabor, J., takes no part.
the mother of four children; her eldest was born in 2009 and
her youngest in 2015. S.Y. is the father of the oldest child,
and G.Y. is the father of the three younger children. In May
2017, the juvenile court terminated the parents' parental
rights to their children,  finding grounds for termination under
several paragraphs of Iowa Code section 232.116(1) (2017),
including paragraph (f) as to the children aged four and
older, and paragraph (h) as to the child under four.
parent appeals the court's order. The mother challenges
the grounds for termination found by the court and the
court's determination that termination of parental rights
was in the children's best interests, arguing she should
have been given additional time for reunification. G.Y.
similarly challenges the court's grounds-for-termination
and best-interests findings, but he also claims he was not
provided reasonable reunification services. S.Y. likewise
maintains he was not provided reasonable services for
reunification and argues termination of his parental rights
was not in his child's best interests, but he only
challenges an element of one of the four grounds for
termination found by the juvenile court.
rights may be terminated under Iowa Code chapter 232 if the
following three conditions are true: (1) a "ground for
termination under section 232.116(1) has been
established" by clear and convincing evidence, (2)
"the best-interest framework as laid out in section
232.116(2) supports the termination of parental rights,
" and (3) none of the "exceptions in section
232.116(3) apply to preclude termination of parental
rights." In re M.W., 876 N.W.2d 212, 219-20
(Iowa 2016). However, prior to termination of a parent's
parental rights, the State must make reasonable efforts
"to make it possible for the child to safely return to
the family's home." Iowa Code § 232.102(6)(b);
In re C.H., 652 N.W.2d 144, 147 (Iowa 2002). Our
review is de novo, and, where the juvenile court had found
several statutory grounds for termination, "we may
affirm the juvenile court's termination order on any
ground that we find supported by clear and convincing
evidence." In re D.W., 791 N.W.2d 703, 707
for Termination and Reasonable Efforts.
parent argues the State failed to prove the children could
not be returned to that parent's care at the time of the
termination-of-parental-rights hearing, an element the State
must prove in paragraphs (f) and (h) of section 232.116(1) to
support termination under those grounds. Additionally, S.Y.
and G.Y. each argue he should have been permitted to have a
trial placement of the children in his home as part of
providing him reasonable services. Upon our de novo review of
the record, we find that reasonable efforts were provided to
each parent by the State and the Iowa Department of Human
Services (Department) for reunification ...