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Richmond v. Berryhill

United States District Court, N.D. Iowa, Cedar Rapids Division

September 14, 2017

TINA M. RICHMOND, Plaintiff,
v.
NANCY A. BERRYHILL, Acting Commissioner of Social Security, Defendant.

          ORDER

          LINDA R. READER JUDGE

         I. INTRODUCTION

         The matter before the court is Plaintiff Tina M. Richmond's Objections (docket no. 20) to Chief United States Magistrate Judge C.J. Williams's Report and Recommendation (docket no. 19), which recommends that the court affirm Defendant Commissioner of Social Security's (“Commissioner”) final decision to deny disability benefits to Richmond.

         II. PROCEDURAL HISTORY

         On July 5, 2016, Richmond filed the Complaint (docket no. 3), seeking judicial review of the Commissioner's final decision denying disability benefits. On September 16, 2016, the Commissioner filed an Answer (docket no. 7). On December 21, 2016, Richmond filed the Plaintiff's Brief (docket no. 14). On January 23, 2017, the Commissioner filed the Defendant's Brief (docket no. 17). On February 3, 2017, this matter was referred to Judge Williams for issuance of a report and recommendation. On March 10, 2017, Judge Williams filed the Report and Recommendation. On March 24, 2017, Richmond filed the Objections. The Commissioner filed no response to the Objections and the time for doing so has passed. The matter is fully submitted and ready for decision.

         III. STANDARD OF REVIEW

         A. Review of Final Decision

         When the Commissioner adopts an Administrative Law Judge's (“ALJ”) findings and conclusions as its final decision, the final decision is subject to judicial review. See 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). The court will “affirm the Commissioner's decision if supported by substantial evidence on the record as a whole.” Anderson v. Astrue, 696 F.3d 790, 793 (8th Cir. 2012). “Substantial evidence is ‘less than a preponderance but enough that a reasonable mind would find it adequate to support the conclusion.'” Id. (alteration omitted) (quoting Jones v. Astrue, 619 F.3d 963, 968 (8th Cir. 2010)). In determining whether substantial evidence supports the Commissioner's decision, the court “consider[s] the evidence that supports the Commissioner's decision as well as the evidence that detracts from it.” Jones, 619 F.3d at 968 (8th Cir. 2010) (quoting Kluesner v. Astrue, 607 F.3d 533, 536 (8th Cir. 2010)). A court “will not disturb the denial of benefits so long as the ALJ's decision falls within the available ‘zone of choices.'” Casey v. Astrue, 503 F.3d 687, 691 (8th Cir. 2007) (quoting Nicola v. Astrue, 480 F.3d 885, 886 (8th Cir. 2007)). “If, after reviewing the entire record, it is possible to draw two inconsistent positions, and the Commissioner has adopted one of those positions, ” the court must affirm the Commissioner's decision. Anderson, 696 F.3d at 793.

         When reviewing the Commissioner's decision, the court “must judge the propriety of such action solely by the grounds invoked by the agency” and may not affirm the decision based on a post hoc rationale that “it considers to be a more adequate or proper basis.” Sec. & Exch. Comm'n v. Chenery Corp., 332 U.S. 194, 196 (1947); see also, e.g., Hanson v. Colvin, 760 F.3d 759, 762 (7th Cir. 2014) (applying Chenery analysis in context of social security benefits); Haga v. Astrue, 482 F.3d 1205, 1207-08 (10th Cir. 2007) (same); Strom v. Astrue, Civil No. 07-150, 2008 WL 583690, at *27 (D. Minn. Mar. 3, 2008) (same). In other words, “‘a reviewing court may not uphold an agency decision based on reasons not articulated by the agency, ' when ‘the agency has failed to make a necessary determination of fact or policy' upon which the court's alternative basis is premised.” Banks v. Massanari, 258 F.3d 820, 824 (8th Cir. 2001) (alterations omitted) (quoting Healtheast Bethesda Lutheran Hosp. & Rehab. Ctr. v. Shalala, 164 F.3d 415, 418 (8th Cir. 1998)).

         B. Review of Report and Recommendation

          The standard of review to be applied by the court to a report and recommendation of a magistrate judge is established by statute:

A judge of the court shall make a de novo determination of those portions of the report or specified proposed findings or recommendations to which objection is made. A judge of the court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the findings or recommendations made by the magistrate judge.

28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); see also Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b)(3) (providing that, when a party properly objects to a report and recommendation on a dispositive motion, a district court must determine de novo the magistrate judge's recommendation). The Eighth Circuit has repeatedly held that it is reversible error for a district court to fail to conduct a de novo review of a magistrate judge's report and recommendation when such review is required. See, e.g., United States v. Lothridge, 324 F.3d 599, 600 (8th Cir. 2003); Hosna v. Groose, 80 F.3d 298, 306 (8th Cir. 1996); Hudson v. Gammon, 46 F.3d 785, 786 (8th Cir. 1995); Belk v. Purkett, 15 F.3d 803, 815 (8th Cir. 1994). The statute governing review provides only for de novo review of “those portions of the report or specified proposed findings or recommendations to which objection is made.” 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). The court reviews the unobjected-to portions of the proposed findings or recommendations for “plain error.” See United States v. Rodriguez, 484 F.3d 1006, 1010-11 (8th Cir. 2007) (noting that, where a party does not file objections to a magistrate's report and recommendation, the party waives the right to de novo review and the court will review the decision for plain error).

         IV. ...


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