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United States v. Wilcox

United States District Court, N.D. Iowa, Western Division

October 13, 2017

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff,
v.
RYAN WILCOX, Defendant.

          REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION CONCERNING PLEA OF GUILTY

          Kelly K.E Mahoney United States Magistrate Judge Northern District of Iowa

         On October 13, 2017, the above-named Defendant, Ryan Wilcox, by consent (Doc. 39), appeared before the undersigned United States Magistrate Judge pursuant to Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 11, and entered a plea of guilty to Count 1 of the Indictment (Doc. 1). After cautioning and examining the Defendant under oath concerning each of the subjects mentioned in Rule 11, the court determined that the guilty plea was knowledgeable and voluntary, and the offense charged was supported by an independent basis in fact containing each of the essential elements of the offense. The court therefore RECOMMENDS that the plea of guilty be accepted and the Defendant be adjudged guilty.

         At the commencement of the Rule 11 proceeding, the Defendant was placed under oath and advised that if he answered any questions falsely, he could be prosecuted for perjury or for making a false statement. He also was advised that in any such prosecution, the Government could use against him any statements he made under oath.

         The court asked a number of questions to ensure the Defendant's mental capacity to enter a plea. The Defendant stated his full name, his age, and the extent of his schooling. The court inquired into the Defendant's history of mental illness and addiction to narcotic drugs. The court further inquired into whether the Defendant was under the influence of any drug, medication, or alcoholic beverage at the time of the plea hearing.

         From this inquiry, the court determined that the Defendant was not suffering from any mental disability that would impair his ability to make a knowing, intelligent, and voluntary plea of guilty to the charge.

         The Defendant acknowledged that he had received a copy of the Indictment, and he had fully discussed the charge with his attorney.

         The court determined that the Defendant was pleading guilty under a plea agreement with the Government. After confirming that a copy of the written plea agreement was in front of the Defendant and his attorney, the court determined that the Defendant understood the terms of the plea agreement. The court summarized the plea agreement, and made certain the Defendant understood its terms.

         The court explained to the Defendant that because the plea agreement provided for dismissal of charges if he pleaded guilty, [1] a presentence report would be prepared and a district judge would consider whether or not to accept the plea agreement. If the district judge decided to reject the plea agreement, then the Defendant would have an opportunity to withdraw his plea of guilty and change it to not guilty.

         The Defendant was advised also that after his plea was accepted, he would have no right to withdraw the plea at a later date, even if the sentence imposed was different from what the Defendant or his counsel anticipated.

         The court summarized the charge against the Defendant, and listed the elements of the crime. The court determined that the Defendant understood each and every element of the crime, and the Defendant's counsel confirmed that the Defendant understood each and every element of the crime charged.

         The court elicited a full and complete factual basis for all elements of the crime charged in Count 1 of the Indictment to which the Defendant was pleading guilty.

         The court advised the Defendant of the consequences of his plea, including the maximum fine, the maximum term of imprisonment, the mandatory minimum term of imprisonment, the possibility that restitution could be ordered, and term of supervised release.

         With respect to Count 1, as enhanced pursuant to 21 U.S.C. § 851 based on Defendant's prior felony drug offenses (contained in the Indictment at Doc. 1), the Defendant was advised that the maximum fine is $20, 000, 000; the maximum term of imprisonment is life; the mandatory minimum term of imprisonment is 20 years; the maximum period of supervised release is life; and the minimum period of supervised release is 10 years.

         The Defendant also was advised that the court is obligated to impose a special assessment of $100.00, which the Defendant must pay. The Defendant also was advised of the collateral consequences of a plea of guilty. The ...


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