IN THE INTEREST OF R.O., Minor Child, M.C., Mother, Appellant, R.O., Father, Appellant.
from the Iowa District Court for Linn County, Barbara H.
Liesveld, District Associate Judge.
mother and father appeal separately the termination of their
Annette F. Martin, Cedar Rapids, for appellant mother.
Elliott, Anamosa, for appellant father.
J. Miller, Attorney General, and Kathryn K. Lang, Assistant
Attorney General, for appellee State.
P. Tang of Law Office of Ryan P. Tang, P.C., Marion, guardian
ad litem for minor child.
Considered by Vaitheswaran, P.J., and Potterfield and
mother and biological father of R.O. appeal the termination
of their parental rights to the child. The mother
maintains she should have been given additional time to work
toward reunification. The father maintains the State failed
to make reasonable efforts to reunify R.O. and claims this
failure precludes the termination of his parental rights.
Standard of Review.
review termination of parental rights de novo." In
re T.S., 868 N.W.2d 425, 431 (Iowa Ct. App. 2015).
"We will uphold an order terminating parental rights
where there is clear and convincing evidence of the statutory
grounds for termination." Id. Evidence is clear
and convincing when there is no serious or substantial doubt
as to the correctness of the conclusions of law drawn from
the evidence." Id.
Background Facts and Proceedings.
time R.O. was born, in the spring of 2013, the Iowa
Department of Human Services (DHS) was already involved with
the mother and her other children due to the mother's
ongoing issues with methamphetamine and her mental health.
R.O. was born with marijuana in his system, and he was
removed from the mother's care within a few days of his
birth. He remained out of the mother's care until
September 2013. Even after his return, the CINA proceedings
continued until they were ultimately closed in October 2014.
present case began in September 2015, after the mother was
arrested for possession of methamphetamine. R.O. remained in
the mother's care until November, when she went to jail.
The removal was short-lived, and R.O. was returned to the