Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

United States v. Paul

United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit

March 22, 2018

United States of America Plaintiff- Appellee
v.
Lee Andrew Paul Defendant-Appellant

          Submitted: October 20, 2017

          Appeal from United States District Court for the District of Minnesota - St. Paul

          Before LOKEN, GRUENDER, and BENTON, Circuit Judges.

          LOKEN, Circuit Judge.

         A jury convicted Lee Paul of three counts of commercial sex trafficking in violation of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA), 18 U.S.C. § 1591(a). The district court[1] sentenced him to 396 months imprisonment. Paul appeals, arguing that the evidence was insufficient to support each count of conviction, that each count in the superseding indictment contained multiple crimes and was therefore duplicitous, and that the district court's jury instructions defining "coercion" and "fraud" rendered § 1591(a) void for vagueness as applied. We affirm.

         I. The Statute

         The statute primarily at issue, 18 U.S.C. § 1591(a) (2012), provides:

(a) Whoever knowingly--
(1) in or affecting interstate or foreign commerce . . . recruits, entices, harbors, transports, provides, obtains, or maintains by any means a person; or
(2)benefits, financially or by receiving anything of value, from participation in a venture which has engaged in an act described in violation of paragraph (1),
knowing, or in reckless disregard of the fact, that means of force, threats of force, fraud, coercion described in subsection (e)(2), or any combination of such means will be used to cause the person to engage in a commercial sex act, or that the person has not attained the age of 18 years and will be caused to engage in a commercial sex act, shall be punished as provided in subsection (b).

         Subsection (e)(2) defines "coercion" to mean:

(A)threats of serious harm to or physical restraint against any person;
(B)any scheme, plan, or pattern intended to cause a person to believe that failure to perform an act would result in serious harm to or ...

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.