United States District Court, N.D. Iowa, Central Division
ORDER REGARDING MAGISTRATE JUDGE'S REPORT AND
RECOMMENDATION CONCERNING DEFENDANT'S GUILTY
W. BENNETT U.S. DISTRICT COURT JUDGE
March 22, 2018, an Indictment charged defendant Rufus Adam
Bowling with being a felon and an unlawful drug user in
possession of a firearm, in violation of 18 U.S.C.
§§ 922(g)(1), 922 (g)(3), and 924(a)(2). Bowling
initially pleaded not guilty to the charge, but on June 4,
2018, he entered a notice of his intention to plead guilty in
this case. On June 5, 2018, Bowling appeared before United
States Magistrate Judge Kelly K.E. Mahoney and entered a plea
of guilty to the Indictment pursuant to a Rule 11(c)(1)(C)
plea agreement, a of which was entered into evidence. On June
5, 2018, Judge Mahoney filed a Rule 11(c)(1)(C) Report And
Recommendation that Bowling's guilty plea be accepted. On
June 5, 2018, the parties filed a Waiver Of Objections To
Report And Recommendation Concerning Guilty Plea, waiving
their right to object to the guilty plea and consenting to
acceptance of that guilty plea by a district judge. Because
the parties have waived objections, I now undertake the
necessary review of Judge Mahoney's recommendation to
accept Bowling's guilty plea in this case.
district judge must review a magistrate judge's Report
And Recommendation in a criminal case under the following
Within fourteen days after being served with a copy, any
party may serve and file written objections to such proposed
findings and recommendations as provided by rules of court. A
judge of the court shall make a de novo determination of
those portions of the report or specified proposed findings
or recommendations to which objection is made. A judge of the
court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the
findings or recommendations made by the magistrate judge. The
judge may also receive further evidence or recommit the
matter to the magistrate judge with instructions.
28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); see also Fed. R. Crim.
P. 59(b). Thus, when a party objects to any portion of a
Report and Recommendation, the district judge must undertake
a de novo review of that portion.
other hand, any portion of a Report and Recommendation to
which no objections have been made must be reviewed under at
least a “clearly erroneous” standard. See,
e.g., Grinder v. Gammon, 73 F.3d 793, 795 (8th Cir.
1996) (noting that when no objections are filed “[the
district court judge] would only have to review the findings
of the magistrate judge for clear error”). As the
Supreme Court has explained, “[a] finding is
‘clearly erroneous' when although there is evidence
to support it, the reviewing court on the entire evidence is
left with the definite and firm conviction that a mistake has
been committed.” Anderson v. City of Bessemer
City, 470 U.S. 564, 573-74 (1985) (quoting United
States v. U.S. Gypsum Co., 333 U.S. 364, 395 (1948)).
district judge may elect to review a Report and
Recommendation under a more-exacting standard even if no
objections are filed:
Any party who desires plenary consideration by the Article
III judge of any issue need only ask. Moreover, while the
statute does not require the judge to review an issue de novo
if no objections are filed, it does not preclude further
review by the district judge, sua sponte or at the request of
a party, under a de novo or any other standard.
Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 150 (1985).
the parties have waived objections to the Report And
Recommendation and consent to acceptance of the Report And
Recommendation by a district judge, I have reviewed the
Report And Recommendation for clear error. Grinder,
73 F.3d at 795; 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); see also
Fed. R. Crim. P. 59(b). Based on that review, I am not
“left with the definite and firm conviction that a
mistake has been committed.” Anderson, 470
U.S. at 573-74. As such, I hereby accept the
Report And Recommendation and accept
defendant Bowling's plea of guilty to the charge in the