IN THE INTEREST OF J.R., Minor Child, L.R., Mother, Appellant.
from the Iowa District Court for Polk County, Susan Cox,
District Associate Judge.
mother appeals the termination of her parental rights.
H. Ginkens of Ginkens Law Firm, P.L.C., West Des Moines, for
J. Miller, Attorney General, and Kathryn K. Lang, Assistant
Attorney General, for appellee State.
Vogan of Youth Law Center, Des Moines, guardian ad litem for
Considered by Doyle, P.J., and Mullins and McDonald, JJ.
juvenile court terminated Laina's rights in her child,
J.R. (age 3), pursuant to Iowa Code section 232.116(1)(h) and
(i) (2018). In this appeal, Laina claims there is
insufficient evidence supporting the statutory grounds
authorizing the termination of her parental rights. She also
claims termination of her parental rights is not in the
child's best interest and her bond with the child should
review termination-of-parental-rights proceedings de novo.
See In re A.M., 843 N.W.2d 100, 110 (Iowa 2014). The
statutory framework authorizing the termination of a
parent-child relationship is well established. See In re
A.S., 906 N.W.2d 467, 472-73 (Iowa 2018) (setting forth
the statutory framework). The burden is on the State to prove
by clear and convincing evidence (1) the statutory ground or
grounds authorizing the termination of parental rights and
(2) termination of parental rights is in the best interest of
the child. See In re E.H., No. 17-0615, 2017 WL
2684420, at *1 (Iowa Ct. App. June 21, 2017).
first address Laina's challenge to the sufficiency of the
evidence supporting the statutory grounds authorizing
termination of her parental rights. "When the juvenile
court terminates parental rights on more than one statutory
ground, we may affirm the juvenile court's order on any
ground we find supported by the record." In re
A.B., 815 N.W.2d 764, 774 (Iowa 2012). We choose to
address the sufficiency of the evidence supporting section
Iowa Code section 232.116(1)(h), the juvenile court may
terminate parental rights when:
(1) The child is three years of age or younger.
(2) The child has been adjudicated a child in need of
assistance pursuant to section 232.96.
(3) The child has been removed from the physical custody of
the child's parents for at least six months of the last
twelve months, or for the last six consecutive months and any