IN THE INTEREST OF C.L. and C.L., Minor Children C.L., Mother, Appellant.
from the Iowa District Court for Dallas County, Virginia
Cobb, District Associate Judge.
mother appeals the termination of parental rights to her two
R. Stockdale, West Des Moines, for appellant mother.
J. Miller, Attorney General, and Anna T. Stoeffler, Assistant
Attorney General, for appellee State.
Stratton, Des Moines, attorney and guardian ad litem for
Considered by Potterfield, P.J., and Doyle and May, JJ.
the mother of two children, born in 2010 and 2012. In 2017,
the State filed petitions alleging the children were children
in need of assistance (CINA). Services were recommended and
offered to the mother to address many issues. Although she
participated in a psychosocial evaluation, she minimally
participated in the case thereafter. Ultimately, the State
proceeded to file petitions for termination of her parental
rights. Following a contested hearing in 2019, the juvenile
court terminated the mother's parental rights pursuant to
Iowa Code section 232.116(1)(d) and (f) (2018).
mother appeals. Our review is de novo. See In re
A.S., 906 N.W.2d 467, 472 (Iowa 2018). "When the
juvenile court terminates parental rights on more than one
statutory ground, we may affirm the juvenile court's
order on any ground we find supported by the record."
In re A.B., 815 N.W.2d 764, 774 (Iowa 2012). We
focus on paragraph (f), which requires the State to prove by
clear and convincing evidence
all of the following have occurred:
(1) The child is four years of age or older.
(2) The child has been adjudicated a [CINA] pursuant to
(3) The child has been removed from the physical custody of
the child's parents for at least twelve of the last
eighteen months, or for the last twelve consecutive months
and any trial period at home has been less than thirty days.
(4) There is clear and convincing evidence that at the
present time the child cannot be returned to the custody of
the child's ...