IN THE INTEREST OF H.B., Minor Child, R.B., Mother, Appellant.
from the Iowa District Court for Des Moines County, Emily
Dean, District Associate Judge.
mother appeals the order terminating her parental rights to
D. Van Winkle of Van Winkle Law Office, Burlington, for
J. Miller, Attorney General, and Anna Stoeffler (until
withdrawal) and Mary A. Triick, Assistant Attorneys General,
for appellee State.
P. Schier of Cray Law Firm, PLC, Burlington, attorney and
guardian ad litem for minor child.
Considered by Doyle, P.J., and Tabor and Schumacher, JJ.
mother, age twenty-two, appeals an order terminating her
parental rights to H.B., her now three-year-old son. The
juvenile court found the mother's substance abuse left
her unable to safely parent her son. The mother, Ravin,
challenges that finding. Ravin contends she is fully engaged
in treatment and is not imminently likely to abuse or neglect
her child. She also claims termination is not in H.B.'s
best interests because of his strong bond with her. Because
Ravin continued to test positive for cocaine, even after H.B.
was removed from her care three times and was not forthcoming
about her drug abuse, we agree termination of parental rights
Facts and Prior Proceedings
has been in and out of foster care. When H.B. was fourteen
months old, he suffered a skull fracture after he pulled a
"box-style television" onto his head. Ravin had
been smoking marijuana and not supervising the toddler. At
the hospital, H.B. tested positive for cocaine. The juvenile
court approved the recommendation of the Iowa Department of
Human Services (DHS) to remove H.B. from Ravin's care in
February 2018. Ravin participated in substance-abuse
treatment and reunified with H.B. four months later.
shortly after their reunion, Ravin started avoiding contact
with the DHS-though H.B. remained a child in need of
assistance (CINA). Ravin quit substance-abuse treatment and
left the state without notifying the DHS. With court
approval, the DHS removed H.B. for the second time in August
responded to the second removal by reinitiating treatment. By
December 2018, the DHS believed it was safe again to return
H.B. to her care.
return lasted less than two months because Ravin tested
positive for cocaine. Ravin did not admit to the cocaine use.
Instead, she insisted her exposure was
"inadvertent"-suggesting when she was out drinking
alcohol with friends she may have smoked someone else's
cigarettes laced with cocaine. Since his third removal in
February 2019, H.B. has remained in family foster care. Ravin
was arrested for operating while intoxicated in March 2019.
April 2019, the State petitioned for termination of
Ravin's parental rights. That same month, she entered
Hope House for inpatient substance-abuse treatment. During
the hearing in mid-June 2019, Ravin testified she could care
for H.B. at Hope House. She also testified she was fifteen
weeks pregnant. She reported the new ...